The 20th century is a period in which many art movements emerged one after the other in art history. This dizzying speed in art was a result of science and technique. The works, which began with the examination of Freud's subconscious, also found an echo in art. He intended to descend into the subconscious of people, to discover them, to bring out the paranoid image of man in the light of day. The subject of art was now individual (person). The Surrealists had to make the choice of an unconsciousness in which space and time disappeared beyond the reactive, reassuring reality. The surrealists claimed an irrational approach by opposing the whole art understanding of the past. Surrealism once again made use of traditional materials instead of Dadaism. Surrealist artists Joan Miro, Max Ernst, Salvador Dali have become the artists of dreams by using all the possibilities of the subconscious. These artists who have been successful in creating a new language of language have made a synthesis of these concepts by eliminating all obstacles between dream and reality. They performed this synthesis with all the paranoid experience with the purest subconscious. Surrealism, which opened the door of artistic formations that are different from the previous art movements, created a new sense of its own. The artist has developed a free understanding of art by keeping his freedom above all else.
Keywords: Surrealism, art, subconscious