In this study, the effects of folk songs, which were arranged for piano in piano education, on the technical, musical and cultural development of the students, the effect of the teaching profession and the development of our national music vocabulary were investigated. Because it is thought that the usage of folk songs, which are arranged for piano education, will directly affect the motivation of our country students positively and benefit. In addition, it is aimed to find out whether folk music (folk songs) shaped in Anatolia during the centuries will contribute to the success of students in the current educational model. With this study, it is also aimed to contribute to the ongoing piano education programs. The literature was searched for this research and the necessary theoretical information was obtained. The universe of this study is the Department of Music Education students in Turkey, the sample consisted of 101 pre-service teachers selected from each undergraduate class considering a balanced number distribution in Gazi University Music Education Department in 2018-2019 Academic Year. As a result of the research, it was concluded that giving more importance to the folk songs prepared for piano during the piano education at the university would contribute to the student's motivation, success and learning more.
Keywords: folk song, piano, education, motivation, folk culture